Tip of the Week 14 – 2019 – future ‚going to‘ & ‚will‘


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Tip of the Week 14 – 2019 – future ‚going to‘ & ‚will‘

It is Paul’s first day back after his injury. Sophie remembered that he is preparing to run the Hermannslauf. She wants to ask him about it, but first she needs to refresh her knowledge again with Tip #14: future ‚going to‘ & ‚will‘.

PS eLearning Portal

To practice Tip #14: future ‚going to‘ & ‚will‘,  please visit PS Spachenservice’s eLearning site at:

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Future ‘going to’ and ‘will’

The difference between going to and will is dependent on when the decision to perform an action is made. If it is made during the time of talking it is considered to be spontaneous or unplanned. For this we use the will future,

e.g. It’s cold in the office so I will (I’ll) put the heating on.

Decisions made prior to the time of talking are considered planned. For these events we use the going to future,

e.g. I am going to attend a trade fair tomorrow.

Positives

(unplanned)             Someone phones …… “I will answer the phone”.
(planned)                 We are going to visit the trade fair next week.

Negatives

(unplanned)             “Oh no, my car will not start”.
(planned)                 I am not going to attend the meeting tomorrow.

Questions

(unplanned)             Will you open the door?
(planned)                 “John, are you going to visit our head office next week?”

The future with the present continuous

We can also use the present continuous to talk about future plans.

I am visiting a customer tomorrow.

(same meaning as: I am going to visit ….)